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Medical Subjects in 11th and 12th: Courses, Subject & Much More

June 7, 2024
Medical Subjects in 11th

The medical stream in 11th is the most commonly chosen stream among the students as this stream allows them to pursue a career in the field of engineering, healthcare, and many others. Under this Stream, students will be required to study subjects like physics, chemistry, and English, subjects such as biology, Mathematics and Computer science are optional. The choice of subjects depends on the individual student. In this article, we will explore the medical stream in 11th grade to help you make an informed decision about your future career.

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What Is Medical Stream?

The medical stream is an option for students who want to pursue careers in medicine, healthcare, or related fields. Students who choose to pursue the medical stream usually choose to pursue higher secondary education (11th and 12th grades) with a focus on Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB). This stream prepares students for a variety of professional programs and jobs in the medical field, healthcare industry, and life sciences.

Medical Subjects in 12th: Why Choose Medical?

There are many reasons to choose the medical stream for yourself in 11th class, you can look for some of the reasons listed below:

  1. The medical stream allows you to get into the field of engineering and other important fields that could offer you a lot of opportunities in future.
  2. Each subject of the medical stream gives you a detailed knowledge of the subject which allows you to have an opportunity in roles in different industries.
  3. Medical subjects in 12th open up various career opportunities in the healthcare sector. A variety of medical courses are available to students, such as allied health sciences, conventional medicine, and alternative medicine.
  4. Studying medicine in their 12th year may help students who are enthusiastic about the medical sector have a deeper understanding of the field and set themselves up for a rewarding career.

Medical Subjects in 12: List of Subjects in Medical Stream

The list of medical subjects in the 11th class is as follows:

  1. Physics

Physics includes the study of matter, energy, motion, and force. It focuses on comprehending the underlying ideas that guide the universe. You will study how things in the universe work. At the same time, when you choose to study the medical stream, the subject of physics allows you to study various topics such as motion, Units and measurements, Friction, Centre of mass, Moment of inertia, Elastic behaviour of solids, Thermal equilibrium and temperature and Heat, work and internal energy.

Books for 11th class:

Book TitleTopics Covered
Physics Part IUnits and Measurement, Motion in a Straight Line, Motion in a Plane, Laws of Motion, Work, Energy and Power, Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion, Gravitation
Physics Part IIMechanical Properties of Solids, Mechanical Properties of Fluids, Thermal Properties of Matter, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory, Oscillations, Waves

Books for 12th class:

Book TitleTopics Covered
Physics Part IElectric Charges and Fields, Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance, Current Electricity, Moving Charges and Magnetism, Magnetism and Matter, Electromagnetic Induction
Physics Part IIAlternating Current, Electromagnetic Waves, Ray Optics and Optical Instruments, Wave Optics, Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter, Atoms, Nuclei, Electronic Devices
  1. Chemistry

In the chemistry subject, you will be studying the characteristics, and making of the reactions, and reactions are known as chemistry. It investigates the materials that make up everything in our environment. Chemistry might be for you if you like running experiments and learning about the inner workings of chemical reactions. When you choose to study chemistry, it opens a lot of opportunities for you in the future. You can choose to work as a chemist after completing your higher education.

Books for 11th class:

Book TitleTopics Covered
Chemistry Part IThis book covers Physical Chemistry, Chemical Bonding, and Chemical Thermodynamics.
Chemistry Part IIThis book covers Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry, and Solid State Chemistry.

Books for 12th class:

Book TitleTopics Covered
Chemistry Part IThis book covers Organic Chemistry, Biomolecules, and Polymers.
Chemistry Part IIThis book covers Organic Chemistry, Biomolecules, and Polymers.
  1. English 

All students must take English, regardless of their stream. It is important to know that the majority of people speak English all around the world. Whereas English covers a variety of topics, including comprehension, unseen passages, and grammar. You will have to study to secure good marks.

ClassBook TitleTopics Covered
11Woven WordsShort stories, poetry, and essays
11HornbillReading skills, writing skills, and literary analysis
11SnapshotsShort stories, poetry, and essays
12KaleidoscopePoetry, drama, and literary analysis
12FlamingoProse, poetry, and literary analysis
12VistasPoetry, drama, and literary analysis
  1. Biology

Biology is the study of how living things interact with each other and their surroundings. Whereas, it includes all things which are related to the individual cells and entire ecosystems. Biology might be the best career choice for you if you are interested in healthcare or conservation and are captivated by life in all of its forms.

ClassBook TitleTopics Covered
11NCERT Biology TextbookDiversity in Living World, Biological Classification, Plant Kingdom, Animal Kingdom, Morphology of Flowering Plants, Anatomy of Flowering Plants, Structural Organisation in Animals, Cell: The Unit of Life, Biomolecules, Cell Cycle and Cell Division
12NCERT Biology TextbookReproduction in Organisms, Genetics and Evolution, Biology in Human Welfare, Biotechnology, Principles of Inheritance and Variation, Human Health and Diseases, Biotechnology: Principles and Processes, Strategies in Enhancement of Food Production, Ecosystem and Environmental Issues, Ecology and Environment
  1. Mathematics

Mathematics disciplines require a solid understanding of mathematical concepts. Furthermore, it deals with the study of patterns and logical equations. Mathematical skills are essential for solving equations in physics, analyzing data in biology, and optimizing processes in chemistry. Nevertheless, you can continue your education by studying computer science, engineering, or economics as additional subjects.

ClassBook TitleTopics Covered
11NCERT Mathematics TextbookSets, Relations and Functions, Trigonometry, Mathematical Induction, Complex Numbers, Quadratic Equations, Linear Inequalities, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial Theorem, Sequences and Series, Straight Lines, Conic Sections, Introduction to Three-Dimensional Geometry
12NCERT Mathematics TextbookRelations and Functions, Inverse Trigonometric Functions, Matrices, Determinants, Continuity and Differentiability, Applications of Derivatives, Integrals, Applications of Integrals, Differential Equations, Vector Algebra, Three-Dimensional Geometry, Probability
  1. Computer Science

The study of technology and coding is included in the subject of computer science. The subject of computer science provides exciting career options in the digital domain. You can have a lot of Career opportunities in Computer Science which include Software Engineering, Cybersecurity, Artificial Intelligence and Web Development.

ClassBook TitleTopics Covered
11NCERT Computer Science TextbookIntroduction to Computer Science, Basic Computer Organization, Input/Output Devices, Storage Devices, Computer Networks, Database Management Systems, Introduction to Programming in Python
12NCERT Computer Science TextbookData Structures, Algorithms, Computer Networks, Database Management Systems, Computer Graphics, Web Technology, Computer Security, Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

Career After 12th medical

Some of the most valuable career options after 12th medical are as follows:

Career OptionDuration of Study
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery)5.5 years
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)5 years
BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)5.5 years
BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)5.5 years
BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)4.5 years
B.Sc. Nursing4 years
B.Pharm (Bachelor of Pharmacy)4 years
Pharm D (Doctor of Pharmacy)6 years
BMLT (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)3 years
B.Sc. Biotechnology3 years
B.Sc. Microbiology3 years
B.Sc. Radiology3 years
B.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics3 years
B.Sc. Forensic Science3 years
B.Sc. Anesthesia Technology3 years
Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (BOT)4.5 years
B.Sc. Optometry4 years
B.Sc. Cardiovascular Technology4 years
B.Sc. Respiratory Therapy3 years


The medical stream is a popular choice for students interested in healthcare and related fields. Students typically pursue higher secondary education in Medical subjects in 11th like Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) to gain a comprehensive understanding of these subjects. Careers in physics include astrophysicists, engineers, researchers, and data analysts, while chemistry offers opportunities for forensic scientists, material scientists, and environmental scientists. Biology offers careers as doctor, biotechnologist, ecology, genetic counsellor, and marine biologist. Computer science offers exciting career options in the digital domain.


What are the subjects in Class 11 medical?

In the curriculum of the 11th grade, students will be required to study subjects such as biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics which is a great combination of subjects.

Which subject is best for a doctor in Class 11?

If you wish to become a doctor, then you must opt for biology in class 11. In 11th and 12th classes, you will be given a basic introduction to the human body and in higher studies, you will get to know every concept in detail.

Is 11th medical tough?

Yes, Medical subjects in 11th can sometimes be difficult for students. However, with the right study plan and guidance, students can crack every exam with a sense of ease. 

What are the compulsory subjects in 11th science?

Physics, chemistry, and English are compulsory subjects. However, Students can easily choose between Biology and mathematics.

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